Lot number 422

Stuart M3A1 Hybrid

We are happy to have this 1942 Stuart M3A1 Hybrid in our auction. This mid production M3 is fitted with late M3A1 turret, though without turret basket and manual azimuth traverse.

 With its distinctive silhouette and historical significance, it's a true collector's item. This particular model is equipped with a new refurbished Continental W-670-9A. This Stuart is in running condition and drives and steers well.

Restoration: BAIV can assist you in restoring this tank to its original state or adapting it to your specific preferences. Please contact us for more information.
Special offer: Attending the Normandy 80th anniversary with your newly acquired Stuart can be arranged by BAIV Events. Please contact us for more details and conditions.

Movie: Stuart M3A1 Hybrid

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Nederweert, The Netherlands
Year of construction
June 1942
Country of origin
United States of America
Berwick plant of the Car and Foundry Company
M3A1 Hybrid
Estimated price
€ 260.000 - € 300.000
Older restoration / very good runner
€ 299,-
Ex. Vat. Incl. commission



Some 20 years ago I found the tank in a “museum” of sorts north of London, more like a dump, but it was running. Via the War and Peace show I took delivery and shipped it back to the Netherlands.

The Stuart offered for auction is a M3A1 Hybrid and therefore likely a mid production M3. I has a late M3A1 turret without a basket. Also a manual azimure traverse and other interior fittings characteristic to a Hybrid. The round armor on the rear of the tank comes originally from a M3A1.

This particular model is in January 2024 equipped with a new refurbished Continental W-670-9A radial engine (carried out by BAIV). This Stuart is in running condition and drives and steers well.

Some bits and pieces are missing but it won’t take much effort to restore this tank back to its original condition.

This tank comes also with additional (spare) parts:

  • New (but rusty) steel tracks, French army

  • 6 Veloute springs fitting Stuart (original for halftrack)

  • Big collection of manuals for M3A1

  • Breech guard

  • 1 Bogie wheel assembly, 2 spare rubber “tires” 

  • 1 Idler wheel assembly

  • Take out breech and gun parts

Technical details

Berwick plant of the Car and Foundry Company
M3A1 Hybrid
Manufacturing date
June 1942
Road registration (Dutch)
Serial number
14 ft 2 in (4,33 m)
7 ft 4 in (2,23 m)
7 ft 9 in (2,35 m)
27.998 lb (12.700 kg)
Max. speed (land)
36 mph (58 k/h)
Operational range
74,5 mi (120 km)
Main armament
37 mm M5 gun
Secondary armament
1x 12.7 mm Browning M2 machine gun (anti-aircraft) and 2x 7.62 mm Browning machine guns (coaxial and hull).
Continental W-670-9A 262 hp
4 (commander, gunner/loader, driver, co-driver/hull gunner)
Production numbers
A total of 4.621 Stuart M3A1 tanks were manufactured but only a small batch where M3 Hybrids.
0,52 – 2 in (13 – 51 mm)


The first prototype was developed in July 1940 and it was adopted by the American army which launched production of the M3 tank in March 1941. The main modifications compared to the M2 light tank reside in the fact that the M3 Stuart has much greater shielding. Late production M3s were fitted with turret developed for M3A1, though without turret basket. These tanks were dubbed “Stuart Hybrid”.
The M3 saw service with American forces in the Philippines when the Japanese invaded in December 1941. Feedback from these actions led to improvements incorporated in the M3A1, which began production in May 1942.

In June 1942 a batch of 7 Stuart M3A1 were produced in Berwick plant of the Car and Foundry Company, among them was Stuart 5603. This was the second batch of M3A1’s and many parts were still missing, or hand produced. It is interesting to find a handwritten note on one of the fuel tanks with the production number, so these parts were handmade most likely.

Ready or not, the tank was rushed to the UK as part of the land lease agreement. No hydraulics for traversing the turret or stabilizing the gun were present, turret basket was missing and many parts were really M3, not the improved M3A1.

The British were not amused, how to fight in a tank like this, turret rotating with a small hand crank, not the big wheel from the M3 but only the backup for the hydraulic system, but with missing hydraulics. Interestingly The British thought it could serve well in Australia, where the tank served during the war. At time of decommissioning the tank was sent back to the UK, probably to honor the land lease agreement.

Although poorly suited to tank warfare in Europe, the Stuart tank proved effective in the Pacific. In New Guinea and the Solomons, the Stuart served in an infantry support role. Although the 37mm gun was not ideal, the small Stuart was much more practical for jungle warfare than the much larger and heavier Sherman that replaced it in late 1943. The M3A1 also saw service with American forces during the North African Campaign.

Note to buyer


  • The location of any Lot is indicated with the specific lot number. Specific address details will be provided upon request and to the successful bidder / Buyer.


  • Viewing days are available for this lot:

    The Netherlands: April 13, Nederweert. Check the viewing day page for specific details.

  • Given the fact that these are often very special items whose condition, no matter how hard we try, cannot always be described 100% completely, we really recommend that you make use of this.


  • Bidding Open: Friday April 19 2024 00:00 CET (Dutch American Friendship Day),

  • Bidding Ends:

    • Saturday April 20 2024 (Part 1 vehicles)


  • Amsterdam NL (CET): 06:00 PM (18:00)

  • London: 05:00 PM (17:00)

  • New York USA: 12:00 AM (12:00)

  • Sydney AUS: 04:00 AM (04:00),next day


  • On all lots a buyer’s premium of 16,5% of the hammer price is charged. Over this buyer’s premium a 21% sales tax (VAT) will be applicable.


  • The batches of spare parts, various accessories and militaria are sold in as-is condition and delivered without any guarantee of functioning.


  • Cars, motorcycles, trucks, cannons or howitzers, armored vehicles, and tanks are sold in as-is condition, with no technical guarantee and guarantee of authenticity and with or without registration.


  • The Auction House will not supply ANY item unless the correct paperwork and licensing – if needed – has been supplied by the Buyer in full.

  • If required and applicable (fire)arms can be made inoperable or permanently disabled by BAIV in The Netherlands as being a licensed Arms & Weapons Dealer Registration Nr. NL20191618779. In this case all relevant cost will be charged to the Buyer in addition and have to be paid in advance in full. Collection by appointment only!


  • However, for most of the lots 21% sales tax (VAT) over the hammer price will be not applicable, it might be that in some specific cases sales tax (VAT) over the hammer price will be charged. In such a case this will be specifically specified in the lot description. For all other lots the margin scheme will be applicable. For more info see our General Conditions of Sale Article 9 on our website; www.tracksandtrade.com



  • Due to our participation in the commemorations of D-DAY in Normandy France collection of all lots is scheduled for the period June 17 till 28 2024. However, for buyers who want to participate with their purchased lot at the 80th Anniversary Commemorations in Normandy this can of course be deviated from. In such a case please let us know soonest.
    import and export

  • Depending on the destination and content of the Lot the Buyer shall obtain an International Import Certificate / End User Certificate. Some of the items listed in the auction may require special licenses or permits or existing documents must be prepared for export. If this is relevant, Tracks & Trade will take care of this. The applicable costs will be charged to the successful bidder. Please email [email protected] if you have any questions or concerns. No item will be allowed to be collected without 100% of all legal requirements being fulfilled.


  • Removal of lots must be completed by June 28 2024 after full payment and 100% coverage of all legal requirements. No storage fees will be applicable until that date.

  • Shipping and packing costs and special costs that arise for loading special items, such as crane costs or costs for hiring special equipment etc., will be charged to the Buyer on the basis of actual costs + a surcharge of 10%. Naturally, you can count on us when it comes to the shipment of your purchases. We are happy to take care of that!


  • Lots not picked up by Buyers before June 28 2024 will be returned to secure storage at Buyer’s expense. In this case storage fees will be applied as follows:

    • Parts & accessories: € 25,- / lot / week.

    • Cars and motorcycles: € 50,- / lot / week.

    • Armored vehicles, tanks, cannons etc. € 75,- / lot / week.

  • Listed storage fees excluding 21% VAT.


  • If you have any specific questions, please contact us either by telephone (+31 6 518 22 502) or E-mail ([email protected]). We are happy to help and support you through the entire process. We will do our utmost to please and comfort you.
    So, don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any questions!


  • All information and transactions are subject to the general terms and conditions (Version 2.0 dated 29-04-2022). For more detailed information visit our website.

Shipping Information

After buying a classic military vehicle or other items such as cannons, planes, howitzers and tanks, there are several steps you would typically need to take:


  • Legalities

    In principle, no special permit is required for unarmored wheeled and tracked vehicles. In many cases, an export procedure that is comparable to that for exporting classic cars and motorcycles is sufficient. Military collectables older than 75 years and with a value over Euro 50k are often considered National Heritage. In such cases an export permit must be requested from the National Ministry of Culture of the exporting country. Tanks, howitzers and self-propelled or towed cannons often require specific permits that are highly dependent on the country of shipment and the country of destination. In such a case first ensure that you apply for the necessary permits, licenses, and other paperwork required to own and operate such an item in your jurisdiction. This may involve registering the item with the appropriate authorities and complying with any regulations regarding its ownership and use. In such a case it is advisable to contact us in advance because we have many decades of experience in the import and export of Classic Military Heritage. Based on this experience, we can generally quickly provide feedback on what applies to you. This is especially relevant because regulations in this regard change every now and then and sometimes, we also have to deal with export-restrictions. In short: if you want to be sure, contact us in time to avoid difficulties in a later stage.

  • Storage

    Find a suitable storage location for your collectable, preferably a secure and legal place where you can keep it when not in use. This could be a garage, warehouse, or even a specially designed storage facility or museum.

  • Transportation

    After you have all paperwork in place next step will be the (oversees) transport to your desired location. This may involve hiring specialized transport and broker services due to permits, size and weight. Als in this case we can support you with organizing the transport or make sure you get in contact with some experts.

  • Maintenance and Restoration

    Depending on the condition of your military collectable our partner BAIV can help you with maintenance and restoration work to ensure that it is safe and operational. This could involve relatively easy maintenance and repair,  service till a Class-A restoration. In such a case please contact BAIV (link to BAIV website).

  • Training

    If you intend to operate a vehicle then make sure you have manuals that describe how the operate vehicle. Nowadays there are numerous reprints available on the Internet that explain you in a playful way how to drive and operate your vehicle. This is often a team effort, which makes owning such a vehicle extra attractive. If required, you can also involve hiring a professional instructor or attending specialized training courses to learn how to drive and maintain it safely. In such a case, our partner BAIV can also support you.

  • Insurance

    Consider obtaining insurance coverage for your vehicle to protect yourself against any potential accidents or liabilities that may arise from owning and operating it. Often there are specialized insurance companies offering these kinds of services. Local military vehicle clubs often also know their way around the specific options offered by insurance companies.

  • Enjoyment

    Finally, once everything is in place, you can enjoy owning and, if permitted, operating your classic military vehicle, cannon or howitzer. Whether it's for display purposes or for participating in historical reenactments, owning such a great unit can be a unique and rewarding experience.

Feel free to get in touch

Ivo Rigter Sr.